Archbishop Desmond Tutu
Desmond Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 for his activism during apartheid in his native South Africa. He was elected Archbishop of Cape Town in 1986, an office he held until his retirement in 1996. After the fall of apartheid, he became a key mediator in the transition toward democracy. In 1996, he was appointed by President Nelson Mandela to chair the commission set up to probe gross human rights violations during apartheid. Mr. Tutu has been a visiting professor at several overseas universities, and he has published several books, including, God Has a Dream.